PSY_103_Personality

PSY_103_Personality - Introduction to Psychopathology Alan...

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Introduction to Psychopathology Introduction to Psychopathology Alan J. Fridlund, Ph.D. Personality Disorders Personality Disorders 11/13/07 11/13/07 Personality Disorders Personality Disorders 0. Possession of chronic, even lifelong, maladaptive traits. -almost always lifelong -often exaggerations of personality traits 1. Often are exaggerations of normal character traits. 2. Traits either: 0. Preclude a satisfying life 1. Alienate others and create estrangement and loneliness 2. Result in moral or criminal violations 3. Coded on Axis II (different from other disorders like depression on Axis1) -Mental retardations -Personality disorders 4. Aka “Character disorders,” once thought to respond only to long-term therapy. -thought to be from “improper parenting” Personality Disorder Clusters (DSM-iv) Personality Disorder Clusters (DSM-iv) 0. Cluster A: Odd or eccentric personalities. 3. Paranoid P.D. 4. Schizoid P.D. 5. Schizotypal P.D. 1. Cluster B: Chronic behaviors: Dramatic, emotional, unstable. 6. Histrionic P.D. 7. Narcissistic P.D. 8. Borderline P.D. 9. Antisocial P.D. 2. Cluster C: Anxious, apprehensive personality
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11.Dependent P.D. 12.Obsessive-Compulsive P.D. Paranoid Personality Disorder Paranoid Personality Disorder (0.5 – 2.5 % of population) -Paranoia: irrational mistrust, forces are conspiring against you, friend or enemy mentally 5. Pervasive, unwarranted suspiciousness and mistrust 6. Hypersensitivity 7. Restricted emotion -their emotions are tense, irritable, restricted dimension of terror, fear, not very happy and incompliant 8. Often moralistic and grandiose 9. Sometimes, charismatic 10. Rarely seen in psychotherapy or medical settings -they rarely go see doctors, go to therapists, and have research done with them because they think that everyone is against them so it’s hard to get them in -always on guard -unpredictable --always suspicious -they think the rest of the world is ignorant and they know how the world works -they put themselves above everyone else, the center, -they think they have a secret knowledge of the world -long term therapy: hard to get into therapy (rare) - medications can be used (antipsychotic) sometimes helpful sometimes not, therapy for trying to help them trust more, build strength Schizoid Personality Disorder Schizoid Personality Disorder (< 1 % of population) -“schizo” means shattered -Schizoid: less than 1% of the population -They don’t come in for help either -Life long “Loners” 11.Defects in ability to form close relationships 12.Cold, aloof, absence of interpersonal warmth 13.Indifference to praise or criticism 14.Close friendships with only 1-2 people 15.“Loners,” most often referred for treatment by others 16. May be weak form of “schizotype”- a person with a vulnerability of schizophrenia - they barely progress with treatment 17. Treatment: antipsychotics, antidepressants, therapy -they don’t get wrapped up into others
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 102 taught by Professor Klein during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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PSY_103_Personality - Introduction to Psychopathology Alan...

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