13-Makeba, Mapfumo, Masakela

13-Makeba, Mapfumo, Masakela - THE MUSIC OF AFRICA AND THE...

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T HE M USIC OF A FRICA AND THE D IASPORA Music 13AF: Tuesdays and Thursdays, 11:00 to 12:20pm Instructor: Jeff Kaiser (jkaiser@ucsd.edu) Teaching Assistants: Nicholas Deyoe (ndeyoe@ucsd.edu) Todd Moellenberg (tmoellen@ucsd.edu)
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A Brief History of South Africa 3.5 million year old skeleton 1497: Vasco Da Gama (Portuguese) rounds Cape of Good Hope 1647: Dutch wreck in Table Bay (Cape Town) 1652: Settlement to help ships restock Use slaves from Mozambique and Indonesia Afrikaners 1750s: Trekboers (became known as Boers) or “wandering farmers” Confrontations with Khoisan (bushmen) 1795: British invade 1800s: Boer-Zulu wars and Anglo-Boer Wars 1830-40s: The Great Trek 1852: South African Republic (ZAR, Transvaal Republic) 1869: Diamonds discovered (almost 50 percent of worlds diamonds come from south and central Africa 1912: South African Native National Congress (became the African National Congress in 1923) 1913 Natives Land Act 7% of land set aside for Black ownership (70% of population)
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1948 Afrikaners take control of government Apartheid (Afrikaans: separateness ; Dutch: apart ; French: a part, + heid [-hood]) Everyone classified by race White Asian Coloured Native Interracial sex illegal Segregated living areas and facilities Townships Residential districts that separate blacks, asians, “coloured” from white-only communities Soweto: SOuth-WEstern TOwnships Many blacks relocated to Bantustans (Homelands) According to 10 tribal groups (problematic) Pass laws Required to have IDs (dompass = “stupid pass”) at all times and leave city by sunset A Brief History of South Africa
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1955: ANC Freedom Charter 1960: Demonstrations against pass laws by Pan Africanist
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2012 for the course MUSIC 13af taught by Professor Kaiser during the Winter '12 term at UCSD.

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13-Makeba, Mapfumo, Masakela - THE MUSIC OF AFRICA AND THE...

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