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NotesSemester1

NotesSemester1 -

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Introduction or the History of Science and Chronology Aristotle was the first to put together a comprehensive theory of the cosmology of the universe - First ancient scientist to argue that science is the study of the causes of things Einstein theory of energy and mass is built upon the study of Aristotle and other past scientists I. Science Now and Then – Achilles Shield, Human Egg Images a. Life involves processes b. The Ancients were extremely interested in understanding the processes  of things b.i. Structure, everything in own place, where it is supposed to be c. The 5 th  century BCE started to study the elements  d. Our thinking has changed d.i. Now we are interested in the building and structure and processes of things d.i.1. Achilles was fighting for the universe – depicted on his  shield II. Why does it matter to study the history of science? a. Knowing about our past teaches how we know the things we know today b. What is science? b.i. Systematic understanding of the universe  c. What is medicine? c.i. Systematic understanding of the human well being d. Etymology: true meaning of words d.i. Latin: scientia: knowledge gained through life d.ii. Greek: episteme: knowledge acquired through education d.ii.1. The Greeks made a difference between knowledge acquired  at home and knowledge gained through study d.ii.1.a. Seeing, touching = experiment d.ii.1.b. Composing theories about things we don’t know  about III. Plato, Apology a. “The unexamined life is not worth living.” a.i. Greeks were culturally induced  a.i.1. Self-reflection a.i.2.
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