Exam II

Exam II - Homeric Medicine (800-700 BCE) Asclepian Medicine...

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Homeric Medicine (800-700 BCE) Asclepian Medicine (500 BCE onward) Hippocratic Medicine (500-300 BCE) Hellenistic/Roman Medicine (300 BCE onward) 1. Medicine in Egypt a. Earliest physician – Ihmotep (4500-3000 BCE) b. First written document – Kahun Papyrus: gynecological issues 2025-1700 BCE b.i. Written medical knowledge reflects thoughts of years of knowledge c. Known diseases c.i. Environmental disease c.i.1. Schistosomiasis: documented in the Ebers Papyrus; caused by a parasitic worm carried by water snails, infesting the blood stream c.i.2. Famine and Obesity c.i.2.a. The Queen of Punt had health issues from obesity c.i.2.b. Nobility encouraged to vomit after excessive eating and drinking c.i.3. Dwarfism c.i.3.a. Seneb and family c.i.4. Malaria, tuberculosis, arthritis, polio c.ii. Embalming c.ii.1. Natron used to preserve the body c.ii.1.a. Also an antiseptic c.iii. Malahite c.iii.1. The blue dye was antiseptic c.iii.1.a. Egyptians wore pigmentation around eyes to protect from airborne illness c.iv. Practice of circumcision c.iv.1. Tools usually made of stone c.v. Medicine had a lot more self reflection that Mesopotamia d. Swnw and wab d.i. Wab d.i.1. Priestly king of physician d.i.2. Attended to the spiritual needs of the medical practice d.ii. Swnw d.ii.1. Court of physicians specialized in certain body parts e. The Ebers and Smith Papyri e.i. Ebers e.i.1. Date: ca 1600 BCE e.i.2. Content e.i.2.a. 877 descriptions of diseases and prescriptions for healing e.i.3. 20.23 meters long, 108 columns e.i.4. Order: e.i.4.a. Introduction e.i.4.a.i. Emphasis on human anatomy and magic e.i.4.b. Internal diseases e.i.4.b.i. Heart, vessels, liver, spleen, kidney, uterus, bladder e.i.4.c. Diseases of the eyes e.i.4.c.i. Most common form of epidermic in Egypt due to the climate e.i.4.d. Dermatology e.i.4.e. Diseases of the extremities e.i.4.f. Miscellanea e.i.4.g. Gynecology
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e.i.4.h. Glosses e.ii. Smith e.ii.1. Date: ca 1700 BCE e.ii.2. Content: e.ii.2.a. Rational surgical treatise, superior to the Ebers Papyrus e.ii.2.b. Describes real medical cases e.ii.2.c. Standard medical order “from head to toes” or “ab capite ad calces” e.ii.2.d. Only the cases from the head to the shoulders are preserved e.ii.3. 4.7 meters long, 21 columns e.ii.4. Order: e.ii.4.a. Title e.ii.4.b. Examination e.ii.4.c. Diagnosis e.ii.4.d. Treatment e.ii.4.e. Explanation of medical terms 2. Medicine in Mesopotamia a. Educated orally – very little information written a.i. No diagnostic handbook a.ii. Learned by practice and experience b. Practical, not scientific purpose b.i. Taking care of the outside of the body c. Earliest medical skills c.i. Orthopedics c.ii. Masteria medica c.iii. Skull trepanation c.iv. Midwifery d. Ashurbanipal’s Library 688 BCE d.i. Composed very late in medical history d.ii. Composed of thousands of years of medical knowledge but written in the 7 th c BCE d.iii. Discovered in 1849 d.iv. Contains 1200 fragments d.iv.1. 660 on medical topics d.iv.2.
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2012 for the course CLA 2810 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at FSU.

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Exam II - Homeric Medicine (800-700 BCE) Asclepian Medicine...

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