Exam II Part II

Exam II Part II - Part II: Possible Essay Topics: 1) The...

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Part II: Possible Essay Topics: 1) The Origins of Ancient Medicine can be traced back to the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Hammurabi’s Code, Mesopotamian Magical Texts, and the Egyptian papyri provide valuable information regarding the practice of medicine in ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt. Based on these texts, the textbook and lecture materials, discuss what we know about the state of medicine, the role of the physician, the kinds of diseases, and the treatment of the patients in the 3000-1600 b.c.e. 2) What do we know about Hippocrates and the kind of medicine he practiced? Explain the tenets of Hippocratic medicine. What sources do we have for studying Hippocratic medicine? What are the main Hippocratic theories about the nature of the human body and disease? 3) The majority of ancient medicine was geared toward studying, understanding, and treating the male body, however the female body was not completely ignored. Outline the ancients’ views of the nature of the female body. How do the views on the male and the female body differ? Were they the same in any respect? 4) Medicine during the Hellenistic period is characterized by a scientific surge to discover the workings and diseases of the human body. How did Aristotle's investigations, as well as the expansion of the Greek world, set the stage for the anatomical studies of Herophilus and Erasistratus? What are the Hellenistic medical advances? What is the state of the medical profession in this period? What are the differences between the two medical sects that developed during the Hellenistic period, the Rationalists and the Empiricists? 1. Aristotle a.i. Because Aristotle took interest in the human anatomy and animal dissections, it paved the way for future physicians to make their own assumptions and eventually, like Herophilus, perform dissections. a.ii. They took Aristotle’s understanding of the body and the four humors and based their observations and other theories off of it 2. Rationalists or Dogmatists a.i. Herophileans, Erasistrateans, and Hippocratics a.ii. Interested in the hidden causes of diseases
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Exam II Part II - Part II: Possible Essay Topics: 1) The...

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