January 6

January 6 - Continuum model of abnormality Normal Behaviors...

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Continuum model of abnormality Normal - Behaviors, thoughts, and feelings o Typical for the social context o Not distressing to the individual o Not interfering with social life o Not dangerous Abnormal - Highly unusual for the social context - Source of significant distress - Significantly interfering with social or occupational functioning - Highly dangerous to the individual or others I. Modern Mental Health Care a. D b. D c. D d. Managed Care d.i. Coordinated health-care services d.ii. BUT mental health care is frequently not covered by insurance d.ii.1. When individuals seek treatment, pay out of pocket so their work doesn’t find out about it e. Careers in Abnormal Psychology e.i. Psychiatrists e.ii. Clinical psychologists e.iii. Marriage and family therapists e.iv. Clinical social workers e.v. Psychiatric nurses e.vi. Doctor of psychology January 9, 2012 I. Contemporary Theories of Abnormality (Ch. 2) a. What is a Theory a.i. Set of ideas that provides a framework for asking questions about a phenomenon, as well as gathering and interpreting information about that phenomenon a.ii. NOT : a.ii.1. Facts a.ii.2. Stable a.ii.3. Mutually exclusive a.ii.3.a. Other theories can impact another theory b. Modern(ish) Theory b.i. Advances in the field resulted in dominance of biological, psychological, and social theories: b.i.1. Biological Theory – psychological disorders can be explained in terms of brain pathology b.i.1.a. Richard Kraft-Ebing b.i.1.a.i. General Paresis (1987) – disease that leads to paralysis, insanity, and eventually death
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b.i.1.a.i.1. Every person that they interviewed that had this disease also had syphilis b.i.1.a.ii. Wanted to test to see if syphilis was a factor for causing general paresis b.i.1.a.iii. Injected syphilis matter into individuals that had general paresis b.i.1.a.iii.1. Nothing happened b.i.1.a.iii.2. Syphilis was a cause of general paresis b.i.1.a.iii.2.a. Cause and effect in biological factors b.ii. Nature vs. Nurture b.ii.1. A classic “conflict” b.ii.1.a. Nature – biological/genetic b.ii.1.b. Nurture – environmental b.ii.2. Assumes mutual exclusivity, single cause b.ii.2.a. Not the case b.ii.2.a.i. None have a single cause b.ii.2.a.ii. None are mutually exclusive c. Modern theories of abnormality recognize the relationship among biological, psychological and sociocultural factors c.i.1.a. BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL APPROACH d. Diathesis-Stress Model d.i. Diathesis d.i.1. Vulnerability to develop something d.i.1.a. Could be biological, sociocultural, psychological d.ii. Stress d.ii.1. Environmental, biological, psychological d.iii. Disorder II. Current Biological Theories a. Structural theories/ Brain dysfunction a.i. Phineas Gage a.i.1. Classic “case study” on the effects of brain damage on personality a.i.2. Went from responsible and effective to inappropriate behavior a.ii. The area damaged influences specific psychological problems a.iii. Can result from blunt trauma or diseases that deteriorate the brain
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January 6 - Continuum model of abnormality Normal Behaviors...

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