January 23

January 23 - January 23, 2012 I. Diagnosing Abnormality a....

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January 23, 2012 I. Diagnosing Abnormality a. The “Holy Book” of Abnormal Psychology a.i. The DSM – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders a.ii. The official dictionary of psychopathology a.iii. A work in progress b. History b.i. DSM-I (1952) and DSM-II (1968) b.i.1. Somewhat vague and heavily influenced by psychoanalytic theory b.i.2. Major reliability problems b.ii. DSM-III (1980), DSM-IIIR (1987), DSM-IV (1994), DSM-IV-TR (2000) b.ii.1. Vague descriptions replaced with specific, observable and reportable criteria b.ii.2. Specific duration of symptoms b.ii.3. Require interference b.iii. How DSM was created b.iii.1. American Psychiatric Association committee of “experts” b.iii.1.a. Conduct review of published literature b.iii.1.b. Conduct field trials b.iii.2. Reflects a process of consensus building and compromise b.iii.2.a. Example: Masochistic personality disorder vs. self-defeating personality disorder b.iii.2.a.i. Conducted field studies to see if these disorders actually exist b.iii.2.a.ii. Found that they didn’t really exist
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January 23 - January 23, 2012 I. Diagnosing Abnormality a....

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