Test 3 - objectives

Test 3 - objectives - Learning objectives Chapter 5 Anxiety...

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Learning objectives: Chapter 5 Anxiety Disorders 1. Define the key terms listed below. 2. Identify the four components of anxiety and give examples of each component. Physiological or Somatic symptoms – covering your face Behavioral symptoms- Cognitive symptoms- “Suzy thinks I’m stupid. I’m so embarrassed” Emotional symptoms 3. Explain the differences between adaptive and maladaptive fear (i.e., continuum model of anxiety). 3 questions to ask: Are concerns realistic given the circumstances? Is the amount of fear in proportion to the threat? Does the concern persist in the absence of the threat? Adaptive: There is a mofo’in tiger chasing me Maladaptive: It’s just some fat old guy wearing makeup, chill out 4. Describe how anxiety disorders differ between the sexes (i.e., gender ratio). Women are twice as likely as men to have an anxiety disorder. Highly comorbid with de- pression Women are twice as likely to have GAD than men OCD 1:1 but slightly higher in women 5. What anxiety disorder is most prevalent in the United States? SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER 6. Describe what the “core” fear is for each disorder. Explain the key features (i.e., symp- toms) of the following disorders: a. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Worry? Cognitive component of anxiety, anxious anticipation Intense worry across multiple domains occurring more days than not for at least 6 months. Worry is difficult to control. 3 or more physical symptoms of b. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Obsessions AND/OR compulsions Excessive and unreasonable Cause significant distress Time-consuming (>1 hour/day) Significantly interfere with daily function Not better explained by another disorder c. Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia (PD) Key feature: Recurrent, unexpected panic attacks. At least 1 panic attack has been followed by at least 1 month of 1+ of: PERSISTENT CONCERN of additional attacks, WORRY about the implications of the attacks or its consequences. SIGNIFICANT CHANGE IN BEHAVIOR related to the attacks Agoraphobia Associated with panic disorder Avoidance = hallmark symptom of anxiety disorders Avoid situations in which escape is difficult or help not available
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2 d. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Exposed to trauma with both the EVENT- involving actual or threatened death, serious injury, or threat to physical integrity of self or others and the RESPONSE- involving fear, helplessness, or horror 3 symptom clusters Re-experiencing the trauma (1+ symptoms) Avoiding stimuli associated with the trauma and emotional numbing (3+ symp- toms) Symptoms of increased arosal (Absent pre-trauma) (2+ symptoms) Duration >1 month Impairment and or distress e. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD; termed “Social Phobia” in your textbook) Marked & persistent fear of being humiliated or embarrassed in social or perform- ance situations. Exposure invariably provokes anxiety, sometimes situationally
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Test 3 - objectives - Learning objectives Chapter 5 Anxiety...

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