psych106-2 - Lecture 2 GLOBAL ISSUES OF BIOLOGICAL...

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Lecture 2: GLOBAL ISSUES OF BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY January 12 th , 2012 Lecture Outline 1) More about the Mind/Brain Problem Monism vs. Dualism, Results of Survey 2) Different Levels of Psychology Social, Cognitive, Developmental, Biological 3) Different Levels of Biological Psychology Physiological , Ontogenetic, Evolutionary, Functional 4) Correlational, Causal, Necessary Evidence 5) Examples of Physiological Bases of Bird Song
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Physiological Psychology attempts to understand the neural bases of: 1) Mentation or “The Mind” : Sensation, Perception, Thought 2) Behavior Does the Mind = Brain? Dualism vs. Monism Dualism The mind exists independently of the brain, the two are of different substances (brain = physical, mind = metaphysical) Interactionism : the brain and mind interact , René Descartes, 1600s (Brain -> Pineal Gland -> Mind). e.g., Emotion, Sexual, Language Parallelism : mind and brain exist separately, but do not affect each other.
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Monism The mind is the brain! Identity position : Mind and brain are two ways of talking about the same thing. *** Materialism : The brain is a “material” machine and consciousness is irrelevant (i.e., the mind is an
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