103_21_full

Watchingnothingor

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Unformatted text preview: e
sTmulus
 •  ObservaTon
of
free‐ranging
monkey
fear
response
sufficient
for
laboratory
 monkeys
to
learn
 •  Learning
can
then
be
passed
from
one
laboratory
monkey
to
another
 Fear
of
predators
 •  Is
fear
innate
or
learned?
 –  Fear
learning
works
only
with
innate
disposiTon
to
fear
of
sTmuli
(e.g.
won’t
work
with
 showing
edited
tape
of
monkey
afraid
of
flowers)
 Infants
may
possess
a
perceptual
template
for
evoluTonarily
relevant
sTmuli
 (Rakison
&
Derringer,
2007)
 Test:
present
5
mo
old
infants
with
template
of
spider
(schemaTc,
reconfigured,
 and
scrambled)
 Result:
infants
look
longer
at
schemaTc
spider;
control
studies
with
flower
 template
show
no
increased
looking
Tme
 Babies
not
necessarily
born
with
a
fear
of
spiders,
but
the
mechanism
may
 predispose
them
to
learn
about
spiders
in
a
different
way
than
they
would
learn
 about
dogs
or
cats
 Copying
behavior
 Both
mimicry
and
imitaTon
result
in
...
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