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research tools - Research Tools Methods to collect data...

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Research Tools Methods to collect data Sources of collecting information
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Qualitative Data Quantitative Data Detailed description Unpredictable Used in earlier phases of research The design emerges as the study unfolds. Researcher is the data gathering Classify features, count them, and construct statistical Predictable Used in later phases of research Carefully designed before data is collected. Researcher uses tools to collect numerical data.
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Types of sources Your sources, or the materials which supply you information, are your resources Two major types: Secondary sources Primary sources
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Secondary sources Secondary sources are ones that interpret primary sources Usually published works For Example Published statistics , Journal articles, books about a poem/novel/play, radio or television documentaries, conference proceedings
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Secondary Sources Advantages Cheap and accessible - especially a University Library Often the only resource, for example historical documents Only way to examine large- Disadvantages Biases and inaccuracies can not be checked Published statistics often raise more questions than they answer
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Primary sources Any type of research that you go out and collect yourself An original document or account that is not about another document or account but stands on its own For Example surveys, interviews, observations, focus groups, case studies, novel, poem, play, diary, letter, data from a research study
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PRIMARY SOURCES Advantages Up- to-date so more reliable Allows generalization to a larger population Verifiable by replication and re- questioning of interviewees/ respondents Disadvantages Time-consuming Results may be over generalized Researchers can use a biased methodology It is impossible to check if people are responding honestly
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Research & the Internet Great tool but challenging Why do we need to evaluate web sources?
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