psy 224 d2.docx - After reading and analyzing Farahu2019s...

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After reading and analyzing Farah’s article, the most interesting aspect was about cognitive enhancers. Cognitive enhancers are drugs that are used to attempt to improve cognition, memory, increase mental alertness and concentration as well as boost energy levels and wakefulness . Two main cognitive systems have been targeted for enhancement, executive function, and memory. Stimulant medication which is shown to improve the executive function of individuals with ADHD such as Ritalin and Adderall have become commonly used for enhancement. It has become used illegally by appropriately 10% of high school students and 20% of college students. There are neuroethical issues surrounding brain enhancement which include health issues, the social effects, and cost of the enhancer. Social effects of brain enhancers are how will it affect the lives of all of us including those who may prefer not to enhance our brains? For example, its already likely that 30% of boys are taking Ritalin. Parents are being coerced by schools to medicate their children for attentional dysfunction (Farah, 2005). Should cognitive enhancers be used for non-health related improvement of cognition? Should children in a school setting who don’t really need enhancer be taking them? What is the effect of the enhancers on a child/adult who doesn’t need it? Does it give the same affects to someone who doesn’t have ADHD? There are many issues related to existing cognitive enhancers that remain unanswered such as reasons for use (should they be used, for what, and by whom?) There are many unanswered questions that revolve around cognitive enhancers and who it benefits more. More research needs to be

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