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crt205 week 7 Argument validity checkpoint 1 Exercise 7

crt205 week 7 Argument validity checkpoint 1 Exercise 7 -...

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Exercise 7-9 Given the premises, discuss whether the conclusion of each argument that follows is (a) true beyond a reasonable doubt, (b) probably true, or (c) possibly true or possibly false. You should expect disagreement on these items, but the closer your answers are to your instructor’s, the better. 2. The annual rainfall in California’s north valley averages twenty-three inches. So the rainfall next year will be twenty-three inches. (b) probably true I chose (b) because we cannot, beyond a reasonable doubt, predict that California’s north valley will have 23 inches of rainfall next year. It is PROBABLY true since that particular area averages twenty-three inches of rainfall annually but no one can be for sure. 3. You expect to get forty miles to the gallon in that? Why, that old wreck has a monster V8; besides, it’s fifty years old and needs an overhaul. (c) possibly true or possibly false I chose (c) because clearly by reading the statements, someone wants us to believe what they have said about this vehicle. Unfortunately, we have no way of knowing for a fact if the driver will get forty miles to the gallon. Several
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