6. Spread od Buddhism under Eastern Chin Dynasty

6. Spread od Buddhism under Eastern Chin Dynasty - Lectures...

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(I) Spread of Buddhism under the Eastern Chin (Jin) Dynasty (317-420 CE) I). A Survey of Historical, Social and Intellectual Circumstances in This Period I.1). the Collapse of the Chin (Jin) Government in northern China and the Disintegration of China I.2). The Disillusionment of Chinese literati with Confucianism: Confucianism, venerated as the cornerstone of state-ideology for Han, Latter Han and the Chin dynasties, was easily turned to the scapegoat of the collapse of once extremely prosperous and seemingly unbeatable Han and Chin dynasties such a profound sense of frustration naturally led Chinese intellectuals to turn to Taoism, which they experimented as another choice for new state ideology. I.3). The Rise of Neo-Taoism: Hsuan-hsue (P. xuanxue ), literally “Dark Learning,” a kind of esoteric teachings absed on the classic Taoism promoted by Laozi and especially Zhuangzi. I.3.A) peculiar life style of the Hsuan-hsue  philosophers: Medieval Chinese Hippies? I.3.A.a) Bizarre dressing: ample gown, loose girdle, tall hat and always holding a kind of fan I.3.A.b) exotic food (regular consumption of a kind of drug called hanshishan in order to keep themselves high and hot all the time so that they could wear thin clothes even during the winter I.3.A.c) Despising conventions and secular rules I.3.A.d) Engaged in conversations with sharp wits and pungent satires. I.3.B) some main features and teachings I.3.B.a) Intensive interest in purely philosophical issues (especially those of metaphysics – mainly ontological problems)=> casting serious doubts on the
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6. Spread od Buddhism under Eastern Chin Dynasty - Lectures...

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