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Key Terms for Quiz 2

Key Terms for Quiz 2 - Key Terms for Quiz 2 Emperor Wu of...

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Key Terms for Quiz 2 Emperor Wu of the Liang (r. 502-549) (mainly his contributions to the spread of Buddhism in South China) Paramartha (499-569) (the great Indian Buddhist missionary and translator in China) 1) The man and his ambition inspired by the Buddhist Cakravartin Ideals (Wheel-turner) 2) Measures to promote Buddhism A) Pancavarsika – Open-to-all Dharma-assemblies (without any discrimination on races, gender, age, status, etc) (some of these “dharma-parties” held within his palace chapel – a basilica within his imperial park) B) Buddhist Translation centers C) Constructing new temples/monasteries D) Inexhaustible Treasure as a unique religious, political, and financial system a) Donation & relief b) (Materially) Give vs (spiritually) Gain: A Faith Market? (to be elaborated later) c) “Voluntary tax”?: Financial roles as a Special Banking System Chih-tsang (549-623) (the San-lun master) San-lun (¡°Three [Madhyamika] treatises¡± (Chinese Madhyamika tradition) Twofold Truth (Worldly and Absolute truths) Sanlun School – The Chinese Madhyamika tradition A) From Kumarajiva to Chih-tsang/Jizang 吉吉 (549-623) (a Sogdian immigrant in China) – The Establishment of the Madhyamika tradition in China B) Some basic Teaching of the Sanlun school 吉吉吉 a) Middle path 吉吉 b) Double-truth: Worldly truth and Absolute Truth c) Four Abnegations and Eight- no s Four Abnegations: A Non-A A and Non-A Neither A nor non-A Eight- no s: Neither birth nor extinction 吉吉吉吉 (things) Neither impermanent nor permanent 吉吉吉吉 (time) Neither identical nor different 吉吉吉吉 (space) Neither coming nor going 吉吉吉吉 (motion) Nothing exists/no time exists/no space exists/no movement occurs Fan Chen and his theory on the relationship between human body and spirit Fan Chen 吉吉 A Witty Debater 吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉” 吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉” B) Theory on the relationship btw human body & spirit: Likening body & spirit with knife & sharpness
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吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉 . C) Criticism on Buddhist teachings on karma & retribution 吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉吉 Flowers falling on a beautiful mattress and those falling in a dung pit Emperor Wu of the Northern Chou (Zhou) and his persecution of Buddhism (574-578) 1. Emperor Wu’s ideological agenda: a foreign (Turk) ruler of Northern China, keen on showing his loyalty to Chinese culture (based on Confucianism). One way to do so is distance himself from Buddhism, a foreign religion. 2. Economic, financial and military concerns over the aggressive expansion of Buddhism 3. Wei Yuansong 吉吉吉 , the key figure behind the suppression of Buddhism: A radical Reformist and Utopian from Sichuan 吉吉 A. the family and intellectual background Obscurity of Wei Yuan-sung’s family Steeping in occult sciences in his youth Becoming a Buddhist monk B. Wei Yuan-sung’s grand plan for social and religious reforms
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Key Terms for Quiz 2 - Key Terms for Quiz 2 Emperor Wu of...

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