Key Terms for Quiz 2

Key Terms for Quiz 2 - Key Terms for Quiz 2 Emperor Wu of...

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Key Terms for Quiz 2 Emperor Wu of the Liang (r. 502-549) (mainly his contributions to the spread of Buddhism in South China) Paramartha (499-569) (the great Indian Buddhist missionary and translator in China) 1) The man and his ambition inspired by the Buddhist Cakravartin Ideals (Wheel-turner) 2) Measures to promote Buddhism A) Pancavarsika – Open-to-all Dharma-assemblies (without any discrimination on races, gender, age, status, etc) (some of these “dharma-parties” held within his palace chapel – a basilica within his imperial park) B) Buddhist Translation centers C) Constructing new temples/monasteries D) Inexhaustible Treasure as a unique religious, political, and financial system a) Donation & relief b) (Materially) Give vs (spiritually) Gain: A Faith Market? (to be elaborated later) c) “Voluntary tax”?: Financial roles as a Special Banking System Chih-tsang (549-623) (the San-lun master) San-lun (¡°Three [Madhyamika] treatises¡± (Chinese Madhyamika tradition) Twofold Truth (Worldly and Absolute truths) Sanlun School – The Chinese Madhyamika tradition A) From Kumarajiva to Chih-tsang/Jizang 吉藏 (549-623) (a Sogdian immigrant in China) – The Establishment of the Madhyamika tradition in China B) Some basic Teaching of the Sanlun school 三論宗 a) Middle path 中道 b) Double-truth: Worldly truth and Absolute Truth c) Four Abnegations and Eight- no s Four Abnegations: A Non-A A and Non-A Neither A nor non-A Eight- no s: Neither birth nor extinction 非生非滅 (things) Neither impermanent nor permanent 非常非斷 (time) Neither identical nor different 非一非異 (space) Neither coming nor going 非来非去 (motion) Nothing exists/no time exists/no space exists/no movement occurs Fan Chen and his theory on the relationship between human body and spirit Fan Chen 范縝 A Witty Debater 嗚呼范子!曾不知其先祖神靈所在。 嗚呼王子!知其先祖神靈所在,而不能殺身以從之。 B) Theory on the relationship btw human body & spirit: Likening body & spirit with knife & sharpness
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神即形也,形即神也。是以形存則神存,形謝則神滅也 . C) Criticism on Buddhist teachings on karma & retribution 人之生譬如一树花,同发一枝,俱于茵席之上,自有关篱墙,落于粪溷之侧。 Flowers falling on a beautiful mattress and those falling in a dung pit Emperor Wu of the Northern Chou (Zhou) and his persecution of Buddhism (574-578) 1. Emperor Wu’s ideological agenda: a foreign (Turk) ruler of Northern China, keen on showing his loyalty to Chinese culture (based on Confucianism). One way to do so is distance himself from Buddhism, a foreign religion. 2. Economic, financial and military concerns over the aggressive expansion of Buddhism 3. Wei Yuansong 卫元嵩 , the key figure behind the suppression of Buddhism: A radical Reformist and Utopian from Sichuan 四川 A. the family and intellectual background Obscurity of Wei Yuan-sung’s family
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Key Terms for Quiz 2 - Key Terms for Quiz 2 Emperor Wu of...

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