Key Terms for Quiz One

Key Terms for Quiz One - Key Terms for Quiz One Dharma(law...

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Key Terms for Quiz One Dharma (law, existences, etc) - Dharma = law - May encompass ideas such as duty, vocation, religion and everything that is considered correct, proper or decent behavior - Translation for dharma is Karma (act, destiny, etc) - Karma-samsara-moksa - In Buddhism, Karma is categorized within the group or groups of cause in the chain of cause and effect , where it comprises the elements of "volitional activities" and "action". Any action is understood as creating "seeds" in the mind that will sprout into the appropriate result when met with the right conditions. Most types of karmas, with good or bad results, will keep one within the wheel of samsara, while others will liberate one to nirvana . Samsara (transmigration) - Meaning continuous movement or continuous flow - Refers to the concept of a cycle of birth, and consequent decay and death in which all beings in the universe participate, and which can only be escaped through enlightenment. - Derived from Hindu belief of reincarnation Moksa (religious liberation) - M eans liberation, salvation or emancipation of soul. It is a blissful state of existence of a soul, completely free from the karmic bondage, free from samsara , the cycle of birth and death. - A liberated soul is said to have attained its true and pristine nature of infinite bliss, infinite knowledge and infinite perception. Such a soul is called siddha or paramatman and considered as supreme soul or God. Four Noble Truths - Fourfold noble truth (about life is painful, the causes of human pains, the cessation of pains, the way leading to the cessation of pains) - The Four Noble Truths are one of the central teachings of the Buddhist tradition. The teachings on the four noble truths explain the nature of dukkha (Pali; meaning "suffering", "anxiety", "stress"), its causes, and how it can be overcome. - According to the Buddhist tradition, the Buddha first taught the four noble truths in the very first teaching he gave after he attained enlightenment, as recorded in the discourse Setting in  Motion the Wheel of the Dharma , and he further clarified their meaning in many subsequent teachings. - The four noble truths can be summarized as follows: o The truth of dukkha (suffering, anxiety, stress) o The truth of the origin of dukkha o The truth of the cessation of dukkha o The truth of the path leading to the cessation of dukkha Mahayana Ideological orientation liberal (collectivist) Ideal bodhisattva Concept of the Buddha supernatural legibility of Buddhahood all sentient beings
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main doctrine neither ego nor dharma exists areas covered East Asia Theraveda - Theravada literally, "the Teaching of the Elders" or "the Ancient Teaching", is the oldest surviving Buddhist school. -
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Key Terms for Quiz One - Key Terms for Quiz One Dharma(law...

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