3. In the 17th Century, transformation under the Dutch and Zheng regimes

3. In the 17th Century, transformation under the Dutch and Zheng regimes

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In the 17 th Century, transformation under the Dutch and Zheng regimes JANUARY 16 th , 2012 ZhengZhiLong (Nicholas Gespeat) was one of the most dominant “pirate” or “merchant” in the early 17 th century (late 16 th century). He came from Fukien but he is specifically from QuanZhou. Most of the immigrants (han Chinese) who migrated to Taiwan in 17 th century are basically from QuanZhou and ZhangZhou and also form GuangDong. Those that went from GuangDong are Hakka people. ZhengZhiLong was from a place near QuanZhou (Southern) and he rose to be a leading trader in that region. By 1626, ZhengZhiLong was an influential power in maritime trade. The Dutch, in order to gain Chinese goods, they supported ZhengZhiLong’s smuggling business. They gave him more ships and fire power so they helped him become the most dominant maritime trader. Eventually, with help of Dutch, ZZL established a trader empire with QuanZhou as his base. Since the Ming court could not wipe out power of “armed merchants” they could not defeat them completely. They wanted to co-opt ZhenZhiLong. In 1628, ZhengZhiLong was appointed by the Ming court as a navy general. And the Ming established him as a general in the whole south-eastern coastal region to lead their naval forces. He established himself a direct shipping line between QuanZhou and Nagasaki. His son, ZhengChenGong inherited his maritime trading empire. His son became the leading force that defeated the Dutch in 1662 and established a kingdom in Taiwan. That’s why Zheng father and son were the two crucial figures in 17 th century in Taiwan history. JANUARY 18 th , 2012 ZhengZhiLong was one of the most powerful traders in the late 16 and early 17 century. He was so powerful that he even established a direct shipping line between his home regions in southern Fukien and Nagasaki. He was able to do business with Japanese traders and that why he could accumulate whatever goods he can get. Because he received this kind of fire power from Dutch traders, his ships were equipped with the most advanced fire power at the time. There were many other pirates as well. These armed traders carried on extremely lucrative multisided trade and they sold Chinese product (raw silk, porcelain, etc.). Mexican silver dollar was the common currency for exchange. How could this kind of multisided trade be operated by Chinese pirates The precondition for this kind of trade were both practicing interdictions of maritime trade. Nevertheless the gradual development of network of international trade gave these pirates the opportunity to operate beyond the law even though they were deemed as illegal elements. Since they were conducting illegal trade activities, they were forced to find other bases other than their home region in Fukien. Therefore they tried to establish their headquarters in southern part of Taiwan particularly in JiaYi. Activities of Chinese merchants and pirates on the high seas were closely related to Japanese pirates.
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3. In the 17th Century, transformation under the Dutch and Zheng regimes

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