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Unformatted text preview: Under Qing Dynasty Rule JANUARY 30th, 2012 1683 - 1895 (112 years). Compare with the short period by Dutch and Koxinga regime or even the later Japanese regime. Dutch only lasted about 30 years. Zheng family lasted 22 years. Early stage from 1683 to 1780:- The qing was trying to establish its rule on the island but they were frustrated by their own policies. - When qing defeated the Zheng, the then ruling emporer of the Qing was the famous KangXi emperor. Emperor KX was one of the 3 most competent, most ambitious, most enlightened rulers in the Qing. Under his rule, Taiwan was taken by the Qing and the general who led the navy forces to defeat the Zheng family was Shi Lang. He used to serve the Zheng family regime. But before the Zheng moved the Taiwan, he surrendered to the Qing. Therefore he knows the waters, the geography of Taiwan. And that is why the Qing appointed him to be the general in the navy forces. And he accomplished his task with great success. At the beginning KX could not decide whether or not to keep the island as one of the frontier regions of Qing and most officials at the same time also regarded Taiwan as a barron place beyond the civilization. So they agreed with KX that "Taiwan was no bigger than a ball of mud, we gain nothing by possessing and it would be no loss if we did not acquire it". This quotation is translated by Emma. She translated this passage and this was originally in the court Diary. Most officials did not think its worth it to possess taiwan, however after hearing Shi Lang's argument, KX then changed his mind. He accepted Shi Lang's suggestion that they should annex Taiwan to make Taiwan into a front line defense for the Qing. And also make Taiwan into an agricultural region to provide ample products for the empire. At the same time, Qing could also use Taiwan as a base of operation to fight anyone who tried to attack. So in the end, KX agreed to take taiwan. So in the end, Taiwan is cooperated into Qing territory. Many scholars such as Edward Vikor and Emma Tun agree that the great expansion of qing power to today's taiwan, tibet and xingjiang can be viewed as an example of chinese style imperialism. Imperialism and colonialism has overlapping in terms of expansion of territory, exploiting resources, for the benefit of own country. But imperialism may or may not involve the occupation of other people's territory so u can use cultural and economic means to extract resources from other people's land without occupying it. Occupation of other people's territory by force and then exploitation of other people's resources and as well as relying upon certain kinds of cultural means to invade other people's native culture and eventually wipe out their culture....
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2012 for the course ASIA/HIST 456 taught by Professor Josephinechiu-duke during the Spring '12 term at UBC.
- Spring '12