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Unformatted text preview: March 5, 2012 Taiwan was seeded to Japan through a treaty known as "Shimonoseki" or "Ma Guan" or "Horse pass". From 1895 to 1945, Taiwan was under Japanese Rule and during this period TW underwent both the process of colonization nd the process of modernization. In general, scholars viewed colonization as a negative experience while modernization as a positive one. In taiwan, these two processes were carried out simultaneously and neither aspect should be ignored if we want to understand the complex and ambiguous feelings of Japanese rule. From then even to nowadays there is ambivalent feelings towards Japanese.Ê Keep in mind that whatever positive efforts, colonial rule.... the ultimate goal of any colonial rule is to expand and enhance the interests of the ruling country. No colonial power developed a certain area for the sake of the local population. The ultimate goal in the mind of colonial regime would always be the interest of their home country. Japan's successful modernization ........... His modernization made japan the leading power in asia. and in 1894 japan defeated the qing in the first sino-Japanese war. This war lasted from 1894-1895. The 2nd sino-jap rule broke out in 1937 and it lasted from 1937 to 1945. As a result of the 1st sino-jap war, the treaty of shimonoseki was signed in april 1895. And chinese had no choice but to see tw to japan. Japan's intention was to secure a base....... by the end of 19 century, a branch of jap govt believe that jap had succeeded in modernization project and they compared with rest of the country. So they thought they should replace to become the leader in that region. So they wanted to have a base (Taiwan). Originally they wanted to secure a base in northeast region in China. After the first sino-jap war, originally jap's idea was the secure a base in manchuria. So if they could have a base in manchuria, they could gradually invade china. But in the process of negotiation, in the end the manchu would not give up manchuria, so they gave taiwan instead.Ê By 1895, the han chinese were the main body of taiwn popn and the plain abs were hanethised already. ....... some tw scholars this cessation of taiwan to japan, the origin of tw's tragic fate in modern era. In any case, after learning that this cessation had been finalized, the governing elite on taiwan established the tw democratic republic on may 1895 (just a month after the signing of shimoniseki treaty).Ê This was the first republic in asia. Japan was not called republic. The establishment....... in precedence made it clear the republic was still subject to manchu qing rule even though qing by then already ordered all the officials on the island to withdraw. But the governing elite didn't know. ................
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- Spring '12
- ........., Republic of China, Han Chinese, Taiwanese people, Jap govt