Psychology, 2nd Edition

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LA#6 1. Define memory. Memory is an active system that receives information from the senses, puts that information into a usable form, and organizes it as it stores it away, and then retrieves the information from storage. 2. What is the process of memory? Hint 3 stages. Describe each stage. The 1 st stage is “putting it in: encoding” which is a set of mental operations that people perform on sensory information to convert that information into a form that is usable in the brain’s storage system. Stage 2 is “keeping it in: storage” the process of holding onto information for a period of time and stage 3 is “getting it out: retrieval”. 3. List and describe three models of memory presented in the text. Information-processing model assumes the processing of information for memory storage is similar to the way a computer processes memory in a series of three stages. Levels-of- processing model is the focus on the depth of processing associated with specific information and deeper processing associated with longer retention. The last is parallel distributed processing (PDP) model focuses on simultaneous processing of information across multiple neural networks. 4. According to the information processing model of memory, what is the capacity and duration of each stage of memory? Sensory memory can hold any information that is iconic which means can be seen and lasts for a short time. Echoic sensory memory is anything that is heard, the capacity is small but it last longer. 5. How does new information move from sensory memory to short-term or working memory? How does this apply to studying for PSY 101? Through the process of selective attention, is the ability to focus on only one stimulus from among all sensory input. Working memory is an active system that processes the information in short-term memory. 6. What is chunking? How might chunking help you study for exams? Chunking is the process of recoding, or reorganizing the information. This can help for studying
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PSY101-LA6 - LA#6 1 Define memory Memory is an active...

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