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criminology final notecard

criminology final notecard - Culture conflict(deviance...

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Culture conflict (deviance theories): make assumption that conflict exists in society, crime is a product of conformity to norms, key objective- identify how members of groups become juvenile delinquents 1938: Thorem Sellin: Conflict of Conduct Norms Wanted to explain why subcultures violate norms, would norms of subcultures be in conflict with dominant norms, all cultures established their own conduct norm 1958: Walter Miller: Focal Concerns Explains lower class of norms, focus was on lower class male gang in economical deprived areas, concluded youth who obey street rules in gangs find themselves in conflict with dominant cultures 1 trouble: trouble finds us 2 toughness: no backing down, have things expected 3 smartness: street smart 4 excitement: exciting to break norms and be different 5 fate: “I’m going to die young” 6 autonomy: screw the government; I’m doing what I want Jury Nullification -a constitutional doctrine that allows juries to acquit defendants who are technically guilty, but who don’t deserve punishment due to unfair laws.
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