ch11.ppt - Chapter 11 Project Management Failed IS Projects...

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Chapter 11 Project Management
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Failed IS Projects Standish Group found that 67 percent of all software projects are challenged Late, over budget or fail to meet performance criteria.
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WHAT DEFINES A PROJECT
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Project Definition “[A] project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or service. Temporary means that every project has a definite beginning and a definite end. Unique means that the product or service is different in some distinguishing way from all similar products or services.” -Project Management Institute (1996)
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Projects Projects are temporary endeavors that have a fixed start and stop date and time. Project managers may break projects into sub- projects depending upon the work.
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WHAT IS PROJECT MANAGEMENT
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Project Management Project management is the application of knowledge , skills , tools , and techniques to project activities in order to meet or exceed stakeholder needs and expectation from a project. Involves continual trade-offs Manager’s job - manage these trade-offs.
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Typical Project Management trade-offs Scope Product and project Time – the time required to complete the project Cost – all the resources required to carry out the project. Cost vs. Quality The quality of a system will normally impact its cost. Figure 11.2 shows the three sides of the project triangle.
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Time Cost QUALITY Scope Figure 11.2 Project Triangle
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Project Manager’s Role The project manager will typically be involved in: Ensuring progress of the project according to defined metrics(cost, schedule, quality etc.). Identifying risks. Ensuring progress toward deliverables within time and resource constraints. Running coordination meetings. Negotiating for resources on behalf of the project. Business projects are often (not always) initiated because of a successful business case. A successful project begins with a well-written business case (spells out components of the project).
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PROJECT ELEMENTS
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Essential Components There are four components essential for any project. Necessary to assure a high probability of project success. Common Project Vocabulary : so all team members can communicate effectively (very important as many are new). Teamwork : to ensure all parts of the project come together effectively and correctly (make sure to clearly define the teams objectives). Project cycle plan : method and schedule to execute the project (Gantt charts, CPM, and PERT diagrams). Project management is needed so that it is coordinated and executed appropriately
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Project Cycle Plan The project cycle plan organizes discrete project activities, sequencing them into steps along a time line.
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2012 for the course INFORMATIO 614 taught by Professor B.m during the Spring '12 term at Minnesota State University Moorhead .

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ch11.ppt - Chapter 11 Project Management Failed IS Projects...

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