HW4ab - HW#4A How Actions Become Good or Bad HW#4A HOW...

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HW#4A How Actions Become Good or Bad HW #4A HOW ACTIONS BECOME GOOD OR BAD? (01/31/12 for 02/03/12) Q1: The ”morality of a human action” is a human action’s quality of being morally good or bad. The object or nature of the act is the __primary__ source of the morality of the act. The end is the __secondary__ source of the action’s morality. The circumstances are the __tertiary__ sources of the action’s morality. Q2: The moral character of the human act is determined in the middle __4_ steps. Q3: In Step 7, the intellect’s judgment of __counsel__ determines or specifies the act’s means (_formal__ cause), which is the primary source of the morality of the action. And in Step 8, the will’s choice of means (__formal__ cause) commits the will (__efficient__ cause) to pursue the means or moral object that seeks the end (__final__ cause). Q4: The circumstances are ancillary features of an act that are external but morally relevant. The circumstances are represented by the questions: __When__?, __Where__?, __How__?, __Who__?, __By What means__?, __what__?, and __why__? Q5: The circumstance ‘Where?’ can __add__ an essentially different kind of morality to an act when a murder is perpetrated in a cathedral and a murder is compounded by the profaning of a holy place. Q6: In the practical order, the __end__ is significant since the means or action is designed and
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HW4ab - HW#4A How Actions Become Good or Bad HW#4A HOW...

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