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Unformatted text preview: Aristotle 56-59 Sunday, September 18, 2011 3:33 PM Plato was an idealist, who took mathematics as his model and believed in a transcendent reality, the Forms, governed by the form of the Good. Aristotle was a realist, who took biology as his working model for philosophy and produced a functionalist account of human nature of all reality. Similarities between the two: • Both were teleologists (believed that all things had an ideal goal) • Believed that universal Form is knowable and the world as a whole exhibits order and purpose (although Aristotle demythologized Plato's otherwordly idealist metaphysics, he still agreed that the universe manifests purposefulness). • Both believed in a functional account of ethics as linked with politics: purpose is to produce good citizens in a flourishing society • Plato's Form of the Good similar to Aristotle's unmoved mover Aristotle's perception of God/highest transcendent reality : For something to be eternal, it is neither created nor destroyed, but always has and always will...
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2012 for the course PHIL 100C taught by Professor Penaluna during the Spring '12 term at St. Johns Duplicate.
- Spring '12