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Aristotle 67-70 + summary

Aristotle 67-70 + summary - and realist account of human...

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Aristotle 67-70 Sunday, September 25, 2011 8:58 PM Virtues - characteristics that enable individuals to live well in communities. In order to achieve a state of human flourishing, proper social institutions are necessary. Therefore, the moral person needs a political setting, making him a political animal. Intellectual virtues may be taught directly, but moral virtues must be lived in order to be learned. Golden Mean - virtues are a mean between excess and deficiency. To be virtuous, one must avoid the extremes. Vice Virtue Vice Irascibility Even Temper Impassivity Foolhardiness Bravery Cowardice Shamelessness Modesty Over-sensitiveness Intemperance Temperance Insensibility Envy Fair-mindedness (no name ) Unfair Advantage Justice Disadvantage Prodigality Liberality Meanness Boastfulness Truthfulness False Modest Flattery Friendliness Churlishness Phronimos - Wise person Summary : The background of Aristotle's philosophy of human nature is his response to the idealism of his teacher, Plato. Rejecting the otherworldly dualism of Plato, Aristotle developed a more naturalist
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Unformatted text preview: and realist account of human nature and the moral life. Being a biologist as well as a philosopher, Aristotle's theory of human nature is a functional account of all live beings. Believing that everything in nature has moral-political citizens, using practical reason to solve our problems and resolve our conflicts of interest. The highest form of life for the best humans was that of the philosopher, who engaged in contemplation, the life of the gods. Aristotle's ethics is connected to his politics and center on the virtues. Virtues are inculcated by a good upbringing in a good society and lea to happiness (eudaimnonia). Happiness is an objective state of affairs, which requires health, friends, family, as well as good character. The wise person (phronimos) uses reason to navigate through life, living in moderation, by the golden mean, avoiding excesses....
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