Exam # 1 review sheet

Exam # 1 review sheet - Philosophy of the Human Person Exam...

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Philosophy of the Human Person Exam 1 Study Sheet Matthew Li October 4, 2011 Philosophy: Etymology- Love + Wisdom. It is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. [ Branches of philosophy: Metaphysics – the study of ultimate reality Epistemology – Studies the limits of human knowledge Ethics – Study of what is right and what is wrong Logic – Abstract ways of providing rules for reason Bible Imago Dei – Latin for “image of god”. We were created in the image of God. We have inherent value and dominion over animals. In the context of what human nature is as portrayed by the old and new testament: Agape, imago dei, and sinful. Great Chain of Being - A religious hierarchical structure of life as declared by God in the bible. The chain proceeds as God -> humans -> animals Context: Humans have dominion over animals and that we were created in God’s image. Agape – Love. Humans are meant to love because human nature is intrinsically good, bearing the image of God although it is corrupted by sin. Context: What it means to be human by the standards of the old and New Testament. Plato : How can we perceive things in a world that is always changing? Heraclitus – Pre-Socratic Greek philosopher who believed that change is a fundamental feature of the universe. “No man ever steps in the same river twice”. Context: Plato- How can you know something when everything is changing? Theory of Forms – Plato’s theory that all perceptual objects (triangles, colors, chairs, etc.) and abstract ideas (equality, justice, beauty, etc.) have an unanalyzable, simple, eternal form in common that is both transcendent and pure. Ex. The form of roundness is the perfect model of roundness as all round material objects are merely copies of this most real form. Context: How can we perceive things in a world that is always changing? Why are our concepts permanent and unchanging?
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Divided line- Plato’s analogy to the divisions and hierarchy of knowledge. Context: Epistemology and the study of human knowledge. It is not enough for the philosopher to understand the Ideas (Forms); he must also understand the relation of Ideas to all four levels of the structure to be able to know anything at all. Philosophical understanding: the Forms Mathematical reasoning: numbers, lines, theoretical science Physical objects (sense perception) Images, opinions, illusions (imagination) Innate ideas – Etymology – Inborn. According to Plato, you do not learn knowledge. You are remembering what you learned in the past. Context: Theory of recollection and a priori
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