Hobbes 104 - their own inclinations and perceived...

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Hobbes 104-111 Saturday, October 15, 2011 9:17 PM Hobbes was a theist materialist (All reality except God is material). Hobbes was a determinist - Free will is an illegitimate concept in regards to existence being matter in motion. Freedom is merely motion without obstruction. Hobbes was a psychological egoist - It is in human nature to be selfish. We need morality and government because nature has made us equal in physical and mental abilities. We all have the ability to kill, and we all want to achieve the same goals e.g. food , shelter, glory, security, power, wealth, etc. These two facts, equality of ability to harm, and desire to satisfy goals, lead to an unstable state. Therefore, people fear one another. State of nature (all against all) - no enforced laws or moral rules, and no justice or injustice. There are no reliable expectations about other people's behaviors except that they will follow
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Unformatted text preview: their own inclinations and perceived interests, tending to be arbitrary, violent, and capricious. We can all do better if we compromise, give up some of our natural liberty to do as we please, so that we would be able to achieve what we want. Morality = form of social control Leviathan - the state - the ruler William Golding's Lord of the Flies portrays Hobbesian morality : • Civilization's power is weak and is vulnerable to atavistic passions • Lord of the Flies is a translation from the Greek Beelzebub, the devil. Golding shows that we need no external devil to bring about evil but that we have found the devil within ourselves. • Beelzebub's ascendancy proceeds through fear, hysteria, violence, and death. Hobbes's view on human nature: • We are egoists. • Life is tragic • Morality and government are necessary for peace and happiness....
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2012 for the course PHIL 100C taught by Professor Penaluna during the Spring '12 term at St. Johns Duplicate.

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