Plato 45 - Plato 45-52 Wednesday, September 14, 2011 3:29...

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Plato 45-52 Wednesday, September 14, 2011 3:29 PM Microcosm - The soul Macrocosm - The city Egotism - Selfish strive for success and happiness Occam's Razor - Offering one set of laws as an explanation for two phenomena Telos- Purpose Meno's Paradox - men could neither search for which they know for they already have it, nor would they be able to gather something new since they would not be able to identify this thing to be what they were inquiring for at the beginning. Two possible ways to receive knowledge: Sense Perception (empirical way) - fleeting world of material objects which are constantly changing and ephemeral. Only yields fallible opinion, appearances but not reality. Reason (rational way)- Grasps the forms which are absolute, unchanging, and universal. Sense perception causes us to see particular triangles, horses, chairs, and people; but reason gives us understanding of the universal triangle, horse, chair , and person. Sense perception is the starting point for knowledge, but it can never itself bring us to the realm of reality, the world of being. Divided Lines: DE (highest) Philosophical understanding ( noesis ) Ideas (Forms) , especially the Idea (Form) of the Good CD Mathematical reasoning ( dianoia ), including theoretical science Abstract mathematical objects , such as numbers and lines BC Beliefs about physical things (
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2012 for the course PHIL 100C taught by Professor Penaluna during the Spring '12 term at St. Johns Duplicate.

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Plato 45 - Plato 45-52 Wednesday, September 14, 2011 3:29...

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