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Unformatted text preview: Rousseau 120 Wednesday, October 19, 2011 11:16 AM "Man is born free but is everywhere in chain" - (Rousseau) The Social Contract Human Nature: Humans are self-interested beings who care about their own happiness They have a natural repugnance at seeing any being perish or suffer Egoism is balanced by sympathy, which under the proper circumstances can override selfishness. Compassion will play a dominant role in relations with others; but in artificial society, education and the legislator must intervene to insure that compassion triumphs. Lust for property made organized society necessary Otherwise, Rousseau argued that humans in a state of nature were healthy, happy, peace- loving animals where no one owned anything, though we each possessed freedom to do what we wanted to do People were self-sufficient, but when a greedy few appropriated the wealth that God had created for the benefit of al, inequality and difference of power arose Private property = inequality --> need for government to protect property ---> laws which restrict...
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