EM632- ESSAY1 - THE FLU OF 1918 1 THE FLU OF 1918 AMERICAN...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
THE FLU OF 1918 1 THE FLU OF 1918 AMERICAN MILITARY UNIVERSITY QUARANTINE EM 632
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
INTRODUCTION The flu of 1918 also known as the Influenza of 1918-1919 was a catastrophic event of worldwide proportions, and ramifications; the Influenza pandemic is also called the Spanish Flu or “La Gripe”. (1) The influenza epidemic of 1918-1919 killed more people than World War I, the numbers are claimed as anywhere amid 20 to 40 million people. The flu of 1918 has been quoted as “the most devastating epidemic in recorded world history. More people died of influenza in a single year than in four-years of the Black Death Bubonic Plague from 1347 to 1351.” (1) The Spanish Flu epidemic lasted 18 months of deadly disease spread, it was caused by an deadly strain of subtype “H1N1” (2) of the Influenza A virus “which apparently killed via cytokine storm, explaining the severe nature and unusual age distribution”(2), a cytokine storm is explained clinically as an immune system that is reacting excessively, and it is damaging the body by causing failure of multiple organ systems. Normally a cytokine storm is a rare event, which means there are few opportunities to study them, so there is not enough time to completely comprehend how it happened. (3) The term cytokine storm is not precisely defined, referring particular kind of uncontrolled immune response. Cytokine storms can happen rapidly and patients who suffer them have high mortality. Because of the lack familiarity with this health issue; Doctors, Scientists and Health Officials don’t know the best way to treat the condition. “Influenza is thought to be one of the rare conditions able to cause a cytokine storm. (3) The United States of America was caught in the line of fire and spread of the disease. America was astonished by the rapid spread, deadly consequences and the inability to cure the virus. The Influenza virus devastated and alarmed the American military and the American population due to high indices of mortality and the high rate of spread, the epidemic killed many young adults, even healthy Soldiers engaged in WWI fighting operations. This deadly
Background image of page 2
phenomenon left the public, Government authorities and the medical community without an idea of how to engage and prevent the spread of the Influenza Virus, the epidemic was first detected in the United States in March of 1918, and believed to have begun its spread path in Fort Riley, Kansas. (4) The United States was hit by two waves of the Influenza Epidemic. The first wave was detected in the spring and summer of 1918 with a high rate of spreading but without massive death consequences; the second wave of Influenza virus was deadliest than the first and it was traced to the Commonwealth Pier in Boston, also this second Influenza wave had a higher rate of spread locally and nationwide, with victims being reported at far regions of Alaska. (4) In her book Kolata call awareness to the frequently occurrence of how the Influenza epidemic can move quickly through a country, ("hopscotching over some towns while felling
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This document was uploaded on 03/25/2012.

Page1 / 12

EM632- ESSAY1 - THE FLU OF 1918 1 THE FLU OF 1918 AMERICAN...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online