EM632- ESSAY2 - THE WORST SCENARIO OF THE PLAGUE OUTBREAK 1...

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Unformatted text preview: THE WORST SCENARIO OF THE PLAGUE OUTBREAK 1 THE WORST SCENARIO OF THE PLAGUE OUTBREAK AMERICAN MILITARY UNIVERSITY QUARANTINE INTRODUCTION Plague is a transmittable disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia Pestis, it mainly infects rats and other rodents, these animals are considered the main host for the disease. Humans on the other hand are considered to be dead end hosts, once the disease reaches humans, it will stop the cycle. Rats and rodents are considered the prime host for the bacteria, and fleas are considered the prime vectors or transmissible agents responsible for carrying the disease from one species to another. Adding to the cycle of hosting and transmitting the disease from rodents to humans through the fleas, there is the fact that plague was a highly infectious disease on the past, and it can be a highly destructible disease depending on the string of the bacteria; the direct contact via airborne, touch or a weapon of mass destruction have the potential to destroy thousands of human lives, and disrupt the normal life cycle of a society. (1) The worst scenario of plague outbreak in history is called the Black Death, it occurred during the mid-14 th Century and it was a massive and deadly cycle of the disease, it swept through Europe and Asia, responsible for killing “approximately one third of the population (according to some estimates) and changing the course of Asian and European history.” (2) The Black Death pandemic is credited to an estimative that anywhere from a quarter to two-thirds of Europe's population became victims to the plague, making the Black Death the largest death toll from any known non-viral epidemic. Plague has a history of natural and unnatural strike or infectious cycle, some being deadly and highly transmissible and other cycle of mild spread and resulting with the end-host dying or recuperating; these natural and human made plague cycles and outbreaks is without a doubt a threat to mankind, specially the evidence that many terrorist groups are search for the means of using WMD against their enemies, in this case the biggest enemy of these terrorist groups a re us the United States of America and the western nations. (3) PLAGUE Plague is the terminology used to call the bacteria Yersinia Pestis, this disease is very infectious and can be very deadly. The Plague or simply “Y. pestis” infects rats and other rodents, these animals are the main and primary hosts for the disease. So how the disease can be passed to humans? The answer is credited to the fleas that infest these animals, so fleas are considered the disease vectors responsible for spreading the disease form animals to humans “The flea’s bite the rodents infected with Y. pestis and then they bite people and so transmit the disease to them.” (1) rodents infected with Y....
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EM632- ESSAY2 - THE WORST SCENARIO OF THE PLAGUE OUTBREAK 1...

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