EM632 FINAL RESEARCH PAPER (WEEK 8)

EM632 FINAL RESEARCH PAPER (WEEK 8) - THE GREAT INFLUENZA...

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THE GREAT INFLUENZA PANDEMIC OF 1918 1 Running head: THE GREAT INFLUENZA PANDEMIC OF 1918 THE GREAT INFLUENZA PANDEMIC OF 1918 AMERICAN MILITARY UNIVERSITY QUARANTINE EM632
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THE GREAT INFLUENZA PANDEMIC OF 1918 2 ABSTRACT The flu of 1918 also known as the Influenza of 1918-1919 was a catastrophic event of worldwide proportions, and ramifications; the Influenza pandemic is also called the Spanish Flu. The influenza epidemic of 1918-1919 killed more people than World War I; the numbers are claimed as anywhere amid 20 to 40 million people. The United States of America was caught by surprise on the deadly disease. This deadly phenomenon left the public, Government authorities and the medical community without an idea of how to engage and prevent the spread of the Influenza Virus. The 1918 pandemic virus remains a mystery; it clearly descended from an avian virus and all influenza A viruses since 1918 represent descendants of this strain.
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THE GREAT INFLUENZA PANDEMIC OF 1918 3 INTRODUCTION Influenza is one of the leading causes of death, it is impossible to calculate the numbers with proper accuracy, due to the lack of a worldwide unified death reporting system. This problem also is credited to the evidence that most of the Influenza victims are elderly people, so many times the symptoms presented on the victims are considered natural deterioration, and the death is classified as natural causes. A vaccine production is very important to a cure or combating the disease spread, however it is a very difficult challenge due to the many virus mutations or simply due to a worldwide co-joint operation and worldwide approval, by the many pharmaceutical companies or government’s health authorities. The flu of 1918 also known as the Influenza of 1918-1919 was a catastrophic event of worldwide proportions, and ramifications; the Influenza pandemic is also called the Spanish Flu or “La Gripe”. (Billings, M.) The influenza epidemic of 1918-1919 killed more people than World War I; the numbers are claimed as anywhere among 20 to 40 million people. The flu of 1918 is considered the most overwhelming epidemic recorded world history, “More people died of influenza in a single year than in four-years of the Black Death Bubonic Plague from 1347 to 1351.” (Billings, M.) The Spanish Flu epidemic lasted 18 months of deadly disease spread, it was caused by an deadly strain of subtype H1N1 of the Influenza A virus, apparently the virus is responsible for killing the victims via cytokine storm, what explains the severity nature of the attack, and unusual age distribution between the victims. (Wikipedia Online) A cytokine storm is explained clinically as an immune system that is reacting excessively, and it is damaging the body by causing failure of multiple organ systems. Normally a cytokine storm is a rare event, which means there are few opportunities to study them, so there
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THE GREAT INFLUENZA PANDEMIC OF 1918 4 is not enough time to completely comprehend how it happened. The term cytokine storm is not
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EM632 FINAL RESEARCH PAPER (WEEK 8) - THE GREAT INFLUENZA...

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