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Unformatted text preview: Exam 1 Review Federalism Power Sharing No monopoly on power How does the federal government intervene? Triad of powers: Interstate commerce General welfare 10th amendment Defining the boundaries of power Vague sometimes Federal Will, ability, and demand SC generally supportive Action must be traditional or integral to the state Garcia vs. San Antonio (1985) Cooperative Federalism Federal $ is a backdoor way into state
affairs Fed. Gov. needs states to implement
policies Provide money (grant-in-aid) with
stipulations (mandates) Important Presidents FDR- Regulatory State Johnson- Welfare state Using mandates National Minimum Drinking Age Acthighway funding Medicaid- mandate but fund 50% ADA- fund, not pay costs No Child Left Behind- sweeten the deal Real ID Connection to information gathering Alters the nature of DMVs States rebel Also extend the border fence Origins of the bad economy Broad strokes Political-economic-social aspect Homeownership Political: longtime subsidizer of mortgage market Bad economy Economic: Spread risk Securitization Government Response A. Take over AIG B. Nationalize Freddie/Fannie C. American Recovery and Reinvestment
Act D. Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) National Security Privacy vs. Security debate Patriot Act Made information gathering easier Abuses i.e. National Security Letter/Call
database Prisoner Problem Afganistan Abuse of enemy combatants/Geneva convention Political Parties Party in the Government Electorate Organization Party system First parties form over "Great Principle" 1st party system defined by competition
between Federalists & Democratic Republicans Gradual DR dominance leads to party split 2nd party system- after 1824 "corrupt
bargain" Jacksonian Democrats vs. Whigs Whigs dissolve internally over slavery Republican Party Replaces Whigs 3rd party system emerges 4th consolidation of Republican power/party competition Great Depression begins 5th and institutes New Deal Regulatory/welfare state develops broad Democratic support Republicans become moderate "New Right" emerges, southern realignment/strategy ...
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