Chapter 5 - Memory - Schacter Gilbert Wegner PSYCHOLOGY...

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Chapter 5 Memory PSYCHOLOGY Schacter Gilbert Wegner
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RECALL TIME Ready????
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REST TIRED AWAKE DREAM SNORE BED EAT SLUMBER SOUND COMFORT AWAKE NIGHT TRY THIS!!
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Memory Memory : The ability to store and retrieve information over time. encoding : the process by which we transform what we perceive, think, or feel into an enduring memory. storage : the process of maintaining information in memory over time. retrieval : the process of bringing to mind information that has been previously encoded and stored.
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Figure 5.1 : Digit Memory Test ( p. 129 )
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Elaborative Encoding How we remember depends on how we combine old and new information. Levels of processing: semantic, rhyme, and visual judgments. Elaborative encoding : the process of actively relating new information to knowledge that is already in memory processing in the lower left frontal lobe and inner left temporal lobe.
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Figure 5.2 : Levels of Processing ( p. 130 )
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Visual Imagery Encoding Visual imagery encoding : the process of storing new information by converting it into mental pictures. works like elaborative encoding. dual-coding if also used with verbal information (better memory). processing in the occipital lobe.
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Organizational Encoding Organizational encoding : the act of categorizing information by noticing the relationships among a series of items. improves recall. processing in the upper left frontal lobe.
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Figure 5.4 : Organizing Words Into A Hierarchy ( p. 132 )
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Memory Storage Memory storage : the process of maintaining information in memory over time. sensory storage , short-term storage/working memory , and long-term storage .
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Sensory Storage Sensory memory store : the place in which sensory memory is kept for a few seconds or less. iconic memory : a fast-decaying store of visual information. echoic memory : a fast-decaying store of auditory information.
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Short-term Storage and Working Memory Short-term memory store : a place where non- sensory information is kept for more than a few seconds but less than a minute. working memory
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2012 for the course PSYC 2305 taught by Professor Steven during the Spring '10 term at Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi.

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Chapter 5 - Memory - Schacter Gilbert Wegner PSYCHOLOGY...

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