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Chapter 12 - Mental Disorders - Psychological Disorders...

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Psychological Disorders Psychological disorders : disorders reflecting abnormalities of the mind. Medical model : the conceptualization of psychological abnormalities as diseases that, like biological diseases, have symptoms, causes, and possible cures. diagnosis, symptoms, syndrome .
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Interior of a Madhouse ( p. 365 )
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Classification of Psychological Disorders DSM-IV-TR : a classification system that describes the features used to diagnose each recognized mental disorder and indicates how the disorder can be distinguished from other, similar problems. disturbances in behavior, thoughts, or emotions. significant personal distress or impairment. internal dysfunction. global assessment of functioning (GAF score). Comorbidity : the co-occurrence of two or more disorders in a single individual.
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Table 12.1 : Main DSM-IV-TR Categories of Mental Disorders ( p. 336 )
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Figure 12.1 : Comorbidity of Depression and Anxiety Disorders ( p. 368 )
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Causation of Psychological Disorders Diathesis-stress model : a model suggesting that a person may be predisposed for a mental disorder that remains unexpressed until triggered by stress. The intervention-causation fallacy involves the assumption that if a treatment is effective, it must address the cause of the problem.
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Culture and Community: Can People Have…Different Mental Disorders? Some psychological problems appear in some cultures and not others. DMS-IV-TR identifies “culture-bound syndromes”. examples include: ataque de nervious, ghost sickness, koro, and mal de ojo.
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Consequences of Labeling Psychiatric labeling can have negative consequences. Educating people about mental disorders does not dispel the stigma. Labeling may affect self-concept.
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Anxiety Disorders Anxiety disorder : the class of psychological disorder in which anxiety is the predominant feature.
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