060 Gilded Age Politics and Populism Study Guide

060 Gilded Age Politics and Populism Study Guide - STUDY...

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TUDY G UIDE : “G ILDED A GE P OLITICS AND P OPULISM Using this study guide The following document has all of the terms, quotes, lists, and ideas contained in the most recent powerpoint presentation (note: I change these frequently so some variations may exist). As a result, you should not feel that you need to copy any of this information while in class. The following questions are addressed in this section of the lecture. You should be able to answer these questions by the end of this section. If you can’t, see me during my office hours or talk with your seminar leader: What are the ideologies of the various groups of Americans (capitalists, middle-class, working-class)? What is Social Darwinism? What is meant by accommodation and resistance? Who is accommodating and why? Are there differences between the political parties during the Gilded Age? What is patronage, the spoils system, and machine politics? What are the four major areas of legislation during the Gilded Age? Are they are the edges of the critical issues facing Americans? How does the 2-party system help or hurt? Where farmers "chronic revolutionaries" from 1865-1900? Why? What regional conditions existed that made farming unique in the West, Midwest, South, and Texas? What is the Grange and why is it important? What were collective responses practiced by farmers to meet the needs of the market? Was this capitalism? Were farmers capitalists? What is the Populist movement, who is William Jennings Bryan, and why was the election of 1896 so important? Who won that election and why? Sample Exam Questions from Previous Exams: (i) Why were farmers so upset by the economic conditions facing U.S. citizens from 1865 to 1896? (ii) Discuss how either the Federal Subtreasury Plan or the "Free Silver" campaign addressed these economic problems. (i) Relate the reasons why the People's Party claimed, in its Omaha platform, that American's needed to resist an economic trend that if "not met and overthrown at once. .. forebodes terrible social convolutions, the destruction of civilization, or the establishment of an absolute despotism" in the United States. (ii) What are some of the distinctive policies that the Populists advocated and how did these policies specifically address what many felt to be solutions to the problems of industrial capitalism? What is meant by the terms "dependency" and "control" during the Gilded Age? What were some of the factors that caused Americans to become more dependent? How did these factors affect Americans’ sense of themselves as independent citizens? In what ways did Americans respond to rising dependency? Discuss one example from the politics of the era that, in your opinion, best exemplifies these tensions (be sure to explain why it is a good example). 1
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060 Gilded Age Politics and Populism Study Guide - STUDY...

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