100 World War II Study Guide - STUDY GUIDE"THE SECOND WORLD...

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S TUDY G UIDE : “T HE S ECOND W ORLD W AR Using this study guide The following document has all of the terms, quotes, lists, and ideas contained in the most recent powerpoint presentation (note: I change these frequently so some variations may exist). As a result, you should not feel that you need to copy any of this information while in class. The following questions are addressed in this section of the lecture. You should be able to answer these questions by the end of this section. If you can’t, see me during my office hours or talk with your seminar leader: Questions Addressed in the Lectures that will help you to prepare for the exam: Why the “Good” war? What forces were aligned against the U.S. during the 1930s? Did FDR give these threats the necessary focus, or could the US be held accountable for some of the appeasement of Hitler? How did the U.S. attempt to aid England after the start of the war? How did we become involved in the fighting? What was our role as compared to the USSR? How did the war at home progress? Why was there so much social change as a result of the war? Did Hitler help us to discard much of our racism and sexism? How? How did the U.S. fare militarily during each of the phases of the war? Why did the U.S. use atomic weapons in 1945? Sample Exam Questions from Previous Exams: World War II is often seen by historians as the most pivotal event in U.S. twentieth- century history. Why? Give at least two examples where the war fundamentally changed the country. Do not cite the fact that the Americans defeated the Nazis, Japanese, etc. in your answer, this is not relevant to the question. What were the military phases of the Second World War and how did the United States affect each phase? Did we “have” to become involved in the final conflict? Did FDR maneuver the U.S. so that we had no choice but to fight? Describe at least three instances where the war quickened the pace of social change (sometimes negatively) within the United States. Why were these issues addressed during the war years? What issues during the war were not resolved? Selected Terms: The “Good War” Fascism Adolf Hitler Mein Kampf (1922) Lebensraum 1
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Anschluss “Fortress America” (Isolationism) Appeasement Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact (1939) Blitzkrieg Rapid Preparedness Lend Lease Atlantic Charter (1941) Battle of Britain Operation Barbarossa (June, 1941) Pearl Harbor (Dec., 1941) Casablanca (1942 film) Executive Order #8802 (1942) CORE Zoot Suit Riots Korematsu -v- U.S. Stalingrad (1943) D-Day (1944) Midway Islands (1942) Use of Atomic Weapons in WWII General Lecture Notes: I. What the heck is a “Good War”? a. Ideological II. Roots in WWI: Rejection of Liberalism and Industrial Capitalism a. Fascism & Italy b. Communism & USSR c. Militarism & Imperial Japan III. Nazi Germany a. Versailles b. Adolf Hitler c. Nazi Goals IV. America’s Response: Neutrality V. Appeasement and the Run Up to WWII a. Czechoslovakia b. Blitzkreig & Poland c. Blitzkreig & France VI.
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