201 Reconstruction #1 - Terms for "The Politics of...

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Terms for “The Politics of Reconstruction” Reconstruction William Dunning School Birth of a Nation (1915) Wartime / Presidential Reconstruction Radical / Congressional Reconstruction Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (1863) Andrew Johnson Black Codes 13 th , 14 th , 15 th Amendments Thaddeus Stevens Confiscation Freedman’s Bureau Civil Rights Act of 1866 1 st Reconstruction Act Impeachment
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The Human Cost of the War - 630,000 battle dead (50% greater than WWII) - 1,000,000+ die of disease - 50,000+ surviving amputees - Entire volunteer companies wiped out (usually from a single town or village)
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Physical Damage of War
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Series of Shocking Events News of Andersonville Prison Lincoln’s Assassination and Conspiracy
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What would the short- term course of action be  as Americans adjust to  the end of the Civil  War?
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African-Americans had ample incentive and the means to seek reprisals against their former masters
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The North could seek retribution Sen. John Sherman (R- OH): “the whole rebellion should wear the badge of the penitentiary”
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The South could continue the fight Guerrilla Warfare? Racial War?
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Simple “Re-Union”? Simple “Re-Union”?
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Instead: Reconstruction “Re-Construct” Karl Marx U.S. Civil War was “world transforming. .. revolutionary movement. Never has such a gigantic transformation taken place so rapidly.” “Labor with [only] a white skin cannot emancipate itself where labor with a black skin is branded. .. Workingmen of Europe feel sure that as the American war of Independence initiated a new era a ascendancy for the middle class, so the American Anti-slavery war will do for the working classes.”
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Big Questions for HIST-1302 What role should the U.S. take in protecting freedom (especially for a minority group in a democracy)? What role should the U.S. take in the redistribution of land and wealth (especially for wealth gained through the labor of others)? Both of these are POLITICAL questions.
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But there is a key cultural component to our understanding of Reconstruction: Race The “William Dunning School” Blacks incapable incapable of understanding or taking advantage of freedom Greedy Northern whites fell on the weakened South Unmitigated disaster until “Redeemers” re-gained control Birth of a Nation (1915) - D. W. Griffith Myth of the “Lost Cause” - “Moonlight and Magnolia” - Robert E. Lee as America’s most “honorable” general
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Birth of a Nation (1915)
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Back to politics of Reconstruction Three Phases of Reconstruction 1. Presidential (Wartime) Reconstruction Controlled by federal Commander-in-Chief; U.S. Executive branch
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201 Reconstruction #1 - Terms for "The Politics of...

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