285 Vietnam - America's Longest War Viet Nam 1954-1973 1960's Vietnam and the Counterculture Woodstock(1970"three days of peace love and music

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America’s Longest War Viet Nam: 1954-1973
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1960’s, Vietnam, and the Counterculture Woodstock (1970) “three days of peace, love, and music” 500,000 attend; est. nearly 1,000,000 on the road who couldn’t get there
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Terms for “Viet Nam” Ho Chi Minh Diem Bien Phu 1954 Geneva Peace Accords Ngo Dinh Diem NVA, ARVN, VC (Group 599) Operation “Beef-Up” (1962) NSAM 288 (March, 1964) Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (Aug., 1964) Operation “Rolling Thunder” 1968 Democratic National Convention (Chicago) “Vietnamization” Armistice (Jan. 1973) Church Committee Report, U.S. Senate (1976): http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/FBI/Church_Committee_Report.html
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Viet Nam War “America’s Longest War” (1954-1975) Modern version of WWI “Vietnam syndrome”
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Vietnam and Hollywood Three “valid” films (movies that use the problematic nature of this war as part of the development of the drama/characters; not just another chance to shoot guns or other special effects) The Deer Hunter (1978) Platoon (1986) Apocalypse Now (1979) “Hubris” (Self-love) Technology American values are the world’s values Victory in destruction, peace through war
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Apocalypse Now (1979)
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Trick Question How many killed in Vietnam War (1964- 1975)? 58,000 Americans Plus 3.2 m Vietnamese (as a percentage of population, this is like the loss of nearly 30 million American civilians)
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Why Viet Nam? French attempt to restore their pre-World War II empire “French Indochina” Ho Chi Minh Certainly a communist, but In WWII he is a “Nationalist” From 1946 on a “Patriot” • U.S. State Dept.: regardless of ideology, Ho a “symbol of nationalism and struggle for freedom to the overwhelming majority of the population.” FDR and Truman avoid involvement; refuse to aid French
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Why the U.S.? Rapid pace of events, 1945-1952 Korea, China, Soviet A-bomb Containment, NSC-68 Politicized: “who lost China?” (later Cuba) Eisenhower Administration takes “hard line” on Cold War $400+ M military aid to France in 1953 alone New Rhetoric U.S. had “Lost China” Ho Chi Minh “Soviet Directed” Vietnam a “European security issue” France collapsing Diem Bien Phu (1954) Geneva Peace Accords (1954)
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Ngo Dinh Diem Viet Nam divided along 17 th parallel To hold “Free and Fair” elections (sounds like Poland?) Ngo Dinh Diem (Ze-im) French speaking Catholic Sympathetic to Catholic refugees from North Desire to unify Vietnam under model of French Ho seeks aid from USSR U.S. confident they could “handle” Viet Nam with CIA
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CIA Iran (1953) Mohammed Mossadegh Elected Prime Minister (1951-1953) Nationalizes oil assets – harms British Petroleum and U.S. Oil Interests
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2012 for the course HIST 1302 taught by Professor Carter during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi.

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285 Vietnam - America's Longest War Viet Nam 1954-1973 1960's Vietnam and the Counterculture Woodstock(1970"three days of peace love and music

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