polgov - Politics and Government What makes Texas different...

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Unformatted text preview: Politics and Government What makes Texas different from other states? Does Texas' past history contribute to "Texas Pride?" 1836 1846 The Republic proHouston (Sam Houston hero of Battle of San Jacinto wanted U.S. statehood) antiHouston ( Lamar wanted Texas to be separate nation) Final annexation in 1845 Texas became 28th state Peculiarities: Texas could divide itself into as many as 5 states Texas can keep its public lands Texas can secede from union 1846 1864 Early Statehood and Secession 1861 Texas seceded from Union and admitted into Confederate States of America Politics were militaristic responsible for defense of frontier and Mexican border 1865 1885 PostCivil War Texas Constitution adopted in 1869 E. J. Davis elected governor irregularities corruption under his administration Texas readmitted to Union all power centralized in Office of Governor legacy strong antiRepublican reaction and Davis ousted governed by civil authority 1876 new Constitution written and ratified to reflect new ideology cut expenditures decentralized state government limited flexibility of politicians still in use today political consequences oneparty dominance Democratic party 1886 1913 Progress and Reform political adjustments spearheaded by James Stephen Hogg 1892 Democratic Party split into 3 factions regular Democrats controlled Democratic convention in Houston (supporters of Hogg) conservative wing (antiHogg) formed coalition with Black Republicans to oppose Hogg forces Jeffersonian (Skunk) Democrats Hogg's programs not liberal enough populists 1914 1918 Farmer Jim (Prohibitionist era) James E. Ferguson antiprohibitionist (wet) programs for Texas tenant farmers platform financial irregularities in Administration Impeached and convicted of 21 charges Removed from public office and barred from holding public office in Texas again 18th Amendment ratified U.S. and Texas dry 1919 1928 World War I, the Twenties, and Return of Farmer Jim WWI increased military presence in Texas due to Zimmerman note (Germany encouraged Mexico to invade Texas) Important military training area permanent military presence 1921 Pat M. Neff become governor Ku Klux Klan (prowhite; rural, southern, fundamentalist morality) Klan influence its power was Klan influence its power was a major political issue from 1921 1925 1924 Miriam A. "Ma" Ferguson antiKlan gubernatorial candidate Successfully passed legislation to end the Klan as an effective political force in Texas first female governor 1929 1939 The Great Depression Texas hit hard by economic depression East Texas oil discovery (owned by independents) 1946 1949 Post World War II 1948 Senatorial campaign Coke Stevenson vs. Lyndon B. Johnson most controversial campaign and election in state's history election fraud charges closest election (87 vote difference) Jim Wells county, Box 13, late in reporting and resulted in Johnson's vote being revised upward LBJ declared winner by election fraud 1950's Allan Shivers elected governor in 1950 Major issue tidelands how to measure jurisdictional boundary 3 leagues (Spanish measure = 10 miles) 3 miles (English measure) $$$ at stake in royalty revenues Tidelands issues drove Presidential campaign ShiversDaniels conservative Democrats endorsed Eisenhower (R) Shivercrats split ticket voting (R for President; D at state level) Ralph Yarborough straight D ticket Loyalist Democrats of Texas Results were: tideland issue resolved in Texas' favor split D party into 2 factions liberal and conservative 1954 Shivers elected for 3 terms scandals surfaced regarding contributions from lobbyists 1959 Texas enacts lobbycontrol legislation 1960's LBJ first Texas President John B. Connally elected governor 3 terms 1969 Preston Smith elected governor 1970's Insurance and banking scandals many elected politicians implicated; Gov. Smith and Lt. Gov found not guilty; Speaker Mutscher and others convicted of conspiracy to accept a bribe 1972 1974 Brisco elected governor attempts at new constitution and righttowork provisions failed 1979 William P. Clements 1st R governor since 1874 received support from conservative Democrats 1980's 1982 Mark White (D) elected governor strong support from teachers HB72 (1984) educational reform: increased teachers' salaries equalized school districts income teachers pass a competency test no extracurricular activities for 6 weeks 1986 Clements elected again no pass, no play course failure, 1990's 1990 diversified election Ann Richards 2nd female governor Dan Morales AG 1st Hispanic 1st avowed homosexual to Texas legislature 1992 Kay Bailey Hutchison 1st female U.S. senator 2 Republicans in Congress Legacy: Texas became a twoparty state 1994 George W. Bush (R) elected governor 1996 Republicans won majority of seats in Texas legislature 1998 Republicans win every statewide elected office 1999 Democrats retained control of HR 2000's 2000 2002 Perry vs. Sanchez (first Hispanic Gubernatorial candidate) W goes to White House Rick Perry assumes governorship Perry elected governor both chambers of Texas legislature are Republican 2003 Redistricting in Texas 2005 Public school funding and property tax relief 2007 Democrats gained seats in Texas Senate and House Republicans still majority ...
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