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bureau - The Bureaucracy Fourth branch of government...

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Unformatted text preview: The Bureaucracy Fourth branch of government Implement and enforce public policies Manage government Affect societal behavior Characteristics Size Big government Growth role of industrialization during economic expansion more taxes, new programs old programs + new programs = growth Reform downsizing programs cut privatization private sector delivers public goods more efficient privatization movement to tame "Big Government" Hierarchy organizational structure for bureaucracies top-down management rules, regulations, and standard operating procedures Expertise source of bureaucratic power skills, knowledge, abilities, experience provides bureaucratic accountability, responsiveness Neutrality equity equality and fairness in treatment of clients rules, regulations, standard operating procedures Bureaucracy and Public Policy Public agencies (bureaucracies) provide input into policy process Form one part of the iron triangle committees and subcommittees interest groups, political action committees public agencies Iron Triangle Legislative Committees Interest Groups Public Agency Heads Iron triangle makes laws one model of policy making relatively closed system The Iron Texas Star Special Interest Groups Lt.Governor and Speaker Governor Legislative Standing Committees Boards, Commissions, Administrators Hands-on authority of Lt. Governor and Speaker appoint chairs and committee members Governor through appointive powers to boards, commissions, top-level administrators Economic interest groups (mortar) Make statutes Laws become policies; policies become programs Public agencies write regulations and implement programs The Texas Administration "There is no single official in the Texas government who bears the ultimate responsibility for the actions of the Texas bureaucracy" 220 separate entities categorized by function of top policy maker for agency elected administrator appointed executive, multimember board or commission elected, appointed, exofficio Elected Executives Attorney General -- elected position Gregg Abbot (R) Office of the Attorney General antitrust consumer protection law enforcement Functions: give Attorney General's opinion interpret law or give an opinion on violations of the Texas constitution represent the state and its government in both civil and criminal cases active in civil cases plays smaller role in criminal cases Represent the state in conflicts with the U.S. government Comptroller of Public Accounts Susan Combs (R) 4 year term no term limitations financial activities of state government chief tax collector chief audit accounting officer Certifies: biennial income for the state (constitutional restriction) financial condition of the state at close of each fiscal year ...
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