The development of Sociology

The development of Sociology - The Development of...

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Unformatted text preview: The Development of Sociology: The Development of Sociology: Auguste Comte (French) Auguste Comte (French) Auguste Comte (1798-1857) coined the term sociology Comte is often known as the founder of modern sociology He believed that sociology could discover the laws of human social behaviour just as science had discovered the laws of nature Solving society’s problems through understanding the laws of behaviour - to guide social reform Proposed positivism - applying scientific method to the social world - as the basis for sociological research The Development of Sociology: The Development of Sociology: Auguste Comte Auguste Comte Critique on Comte: Comte’s view on applying the scientific method to social life meant practising “armchair philosophy” Ie drawing conclusions from informal observations of social life He did not do what today’s sociologists would call research ; thus the conclusions he came up with have been abandoned Comte’s legacy: Society’s fundamental laws can be uncovered by observation & classification of human activities The Development of Sociology: The Development of Sociology: Harriet Martineau (English) Harriet Martineau (English) Harriet Martineau (1802-1876):- often regarded as the first female sociologist During Martineau’s time, very few women from wealthy families had the opportunity to pursue higher education at home (university study was barred to women) Martineau was born into a wealthy family in England, and studied social life in both UK & US - she began a fascinating 2-year journey around US in 1834 She interviewed people living in poverty, as well as James Madison (a former US president) The Development of Sociology: The Development of Sociology: Harriet Martineau Harriet Martineau Martineau published Society in America in 1837: It reported the customs of this new nation (family, race, gender, politics, & religion) and carefully analysed the social customs she observed Despite her insightful examination of US life, her research, like that of other early women sociologists, was ignored until recently The book is now regarded as a classic Martineau’s other book...
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2012 for the course SOCIOLOGY 110 taught by Professor Cheunge. during the Fall '11 term at University of Macau.

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The development of Sociology - The Development of...

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