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North American Sociological Development

North American Sociological Development - Development...

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Development of sociology: in North America Sociology was transplanted to US soil in the late 19th century The first sociology department in the US was founded in 1892 at the University of Chicago In its early history: tension between social reform & sociological analysis Eg: many female sociologists engaged in social activism/social work due to lack of opportunity in academic appointment vs laissez-faire approach to social change (eg American sociologist William Graham Sumner claimed that survival of the fittest justified inequality in society)
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Development of sociology: in North America The Chicago School - a style of sociological thinking associated with the University of Chicago that dominated North American sociology during the first four decades of the 20th century Concerned with the relationship of individual to society Society as a human laboratory (to understand human behaviour in order to address human needs) Charles Horton Cooley (1864-1929) - one of the foremost theorists of the Chicago School He theorised that individual identity developed through people’s understanding of how they are perceived by others
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Development of sociology: in North America George Herbert Mead (1863-1931) Regarded as the founder of the interactionist perspective (more about it later) Taught at the University of Chicago most of his life Further elaborated Cooley’s theory Interested in specifying the processes that linked the individual to society Individual mind & self arises out of the social process
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Development of sociology: in North America Both Cooley & Mead saw the individual & society as
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