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Theoretical frameworks brief introduction

Theoretical frameworks brief introduction - Theoretical...

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Theoretical frameworks There are many different ways to understand our experiences (ie our “facts”) For example, the “hedgehogs” vs. “foxes” approaches: philosopher Isaiah Berlin divided writers & thinkers into 2 categories using the hedgehogs & foxes approaches as metaphor “the fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing” - the hedgehog’s single defence defeats the fox’s many tricks Foxes draw on a wide variety of experiences; for them the world cannot be boiled down to a single idea/principle (emphasis on particulars; eg of thinkers/writers Aristotle, Shakespeare, Goethe etc) Hedgehogs view the world through the lens of a single defining idea/principle (making generalisation; eg of thinkers/writers Plato, Hegel, Dostoevsky etc)
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Theoretical frameworks in sociology The fox & hedgehog approaches are just 2 examples of what some theoretical frameworks look like In sociology, we place our observations into a theoretical framework (a set of related ideas and theories)
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