phan (dtp377) – H04: Atomic Theory 2 – mccord – (51600)
1
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001(part1of3)10.0points
What is the principal quantum number for
the orbital 5
p
?
1.
6
2.
2
3.
4
4.
None of these
5.
5
correct
6.
3
Explanation:
n
= 5
002(part2of3)10.0points
What is the orbital angular momentum quan
tum number for the orbital 5
p
?
1.
4
2.
1
correct
3.
2
4.
3
5.
None of these
6.
0
Explanation:
ℓ
= 1
003(part3of3)10.0points
How many magnetic quantum numbers does
the orbital 5
p
have?
1.
3
correct
2.
7
3.
1
4.
5
5.
None of these
6.
9
Explanation:
m
ℓ
=

1
,
0
,
1
004
10.0points
How many total nodal planes are present in
the complete set of 3
d
orbitals?
1.
16
2.
3
3.
8
correct
4.
5
5.
20
6.
10
Explanation:
There are 5 orbitals in the 3
d
set.
4 of
those orbitals are cloverleafshaped and have
2 nodal planes each. That combines to give 8
total nodal planes for the set. The other (5th)
orbital is the
d
z
2
orbital which has 2 nodal
cones, not planes.
005
10.0points
How many nodes are present in a 3
s
and a 3
p
orbital, respectively?
1.
2 and 1
2.
1 and 1
3.
2 and 2
correct
4.
0 and 2
5.
0 and 1
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phan (dtp377) – H04: Atomic Theory 2 – mccord – (51600)
2
Explanation:
A node is a point, a plane or a three dimen
sional region of space where the sign of the
wavefunction changes from positive to nega
tive, (or negative to positive) so it equals zero.
The lowest energy
s
orbital is 1
s
, and this has
no nodes – the wavefunction is always posi
tive. As we go to the next higher value of
n
we add a spherical node, so 2
s
would have one
node, and 3
s
two.
The lowest energy
p
or
bital is 2
p
; it has one nodal plane which cuts
through the nucleus (the two ’lobes’ have op
posite signs).
Again, as we go to the next
higher value of
n
we add a spherical node, so
a 3
p
orbital has two nodes.
006
10.0points
The transition metals are elements with par
tially filled
1.
d
subshells.
correct
2.
p
subshells.
3.
s
subshells.
4.
f
subshells.
Explanation:
In transition metals,
d
orbitals are being
filled.
007
10.0points
An element with 20 protons and 20 electrons
gains one electron.
The electron goes into
what type of orbital?
1.
3
s
2.
4
p
3.
4
d
4.
3
p
5.
3
d
correct
6.
4
s
Explanation:
This
element
has
electron
configuration
[Ar] 4
s
2
.
The next electron goes into the 3
d
orbital according to the Aufbau principle.
008
10.0points
Which
element
is
predicted
to
have
the
groundstate electron configuration [He] 2
s
2
?
1.
lithium
2.
boron
3.
nitrogen
4.
fluorine
5.
helium
6.
hydrogen
7.
carbon
8.
beryllium
correct
9.
neon
10.
oxygen
Explanation:
Remembering
the
noble
gas
shorthand,
count all of the superscripts that appear in
the electron configuration. This will give the
number of electrons which in a neutral atom
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 Spring '08
 wandelt
 Chemistry, Atom, Periodic Table, pH, Atomic orbital, Phan

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