114P_2.21.2012

114P_2.21.2012 - Cyclical system: solar day, 365 days •...

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Anth 114P 2.21.2012 Ancient Mayan Hieroglyphics Outline: o An introduction to translation o From calendars to history o Phonetic qualities o The papers we will read An introduction to translation o The numbers Mayans did not use a base 10 system, but instead a base of 20 Example: 10 = one 20 11 = one 20 plus one 1 32 = 62 (3)(17) = 77 Three signs: (see slide: turtle shell, dot, line) Compare to Roman system Complications: o Third unit: Tun : 18 x 20 = 360 days o First unit: Kin (day) o Winal = 20 days o Tun = 18 winals = 360 days, roughly one year o Katlun = 20 tun Calendars o Review of our calendar Absolute system AD 2010 Cyclical system: Months November 13, November 14, December 9 Cyclical system: Weeks o Mayan Calendar Cyclical system: ritual calendar, 260 days Comparing names to the number of the days
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Unformatted text preview: Cyclical system: solar day, 365 days • Months with names Absolute system, the Long Count Days Unit Example 1 Kin 15 = 15 days 20 Winal 17 = 340 days 360 Tun 4 = 1,440 days 7,200 Katun 14 = 100,800 days 144,000 Baktun 9 = 1.296 million days • Example: 9.14.4.17.15 = 1,398,595 days • Know the difference between the individual glyphs • Emblem glyphs o Heinrich Berlin, Tatiana Proskouriakoff Previously, it was understood that hieroglyphics were to be directly represented on the calendar, but not the case. Worked on Calendars, specifically on the calendar. • Phonetic aspects of the hieroglyphics o Bishop Landa’s “alphabet” • NO CLASS Thursday...
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2012 for the course ANTHRO 114P taught by Professor Lesure during the Winter '12 term at UCLA.

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114P_2.21.2012 - Cyclical system: solar day, 365 days •...

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