Oct. 6 - Political Science October 6, 2010 Interest Groups...

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Political Science October 6, 2010 Interest Groups 1. What are interest groups and why do they arise? a. An organized group which attempts to influence government policy decisions without officially entering election contests b. Examples: NRA (national rifle association—pro gun laws, oppose restriction of handgun) do through lobbing mostly; AARP (American Association Retired People—better benefits for senior citizens) 2. Madison and the danger of faction a. “By a faction, I understand a number of citizens, whether a mounting to a majority or minority of a whole who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.” b. …the latent causes of factions are …sown in the nature of man…So strong is this propensity of mankind, to fall into mutual animosities, that where no substantial occasion presents itself , the most frivolous and fanciful distinctions have been sufficient to kindle their unfriendly passions and excite their most violent conflicts. But the most common durable source of factions, has been the various and unequal distribution of property c. Democracy and interest go together like fire and air, just go together 3. How do interest groups work? a.i.
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Oct. 6 - Political Science October 6, 2010 Interest Groups...

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