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Final Pysc Exam 3 Review

Final Pysc Exam 3 Review - EXAM#3 PSYCHOLOGY 101 Spring...

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EXAM #3 – PSYCHOLOGY 101 – Spring, 2011 – REVIEW SHEET (there will be 60 questions total; exercises and film clips shown in class are fair game) Chapter 7 – Memory 1. Basic memory processes (encoding, storage, and retrieval)- Stages of Memory: Encoding – taking in of information (similar to transduction) Storage – retaining the information in memory over time (preserving information for later) Retrieval – getting information from memory, pulling out of memory and getting it into conscious awareness 2. Levels of processing- Levels of processing theory: how extensively is info processed when you first encode it 3 ways to think about it: visual (shallow), acoustic (intermediate), and semantic (deep): - Shallow : focusing on the structure of the stimulus - Intermediate: trying to remember something based on seeing if it similar to something else - Deep : trying to add meaning to a word or manipulate it in your mind 3. Characteristics of STM (duration; amount of information that can be held) and Baddely’s model of STM. Short term memory: the next step on the way to long term memory; relatively short term memory store; - Capacity (relatively limited), which means you can remember 7 pieces of info + or – 2 (5 to 9 things), learned from experiments with word and digit lists - Duration : about 20 seconds if no rehearsal Baddley: there are 4 parts of your memory…
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Maintenance rehearsal: repeating info - Phonological loop: short term sensory information, corresponds roughly to maintenance rehearsal - Visuospatial sketchpad : allows people to temporarily hold a manipulate visual information - Central executive : involved with the deployment of attention - Episodic buffer: integrates phonological loop, central executive, and visuospatial sketchpad (all others) and serves as interface between working memory and long term memory 4. Misinformation effect : when someone's memory or the recollection of an event is changed by introducing misleading or inaccurate post event information Reconstructive aspects of memory : - Ebbinghaus and the Method of Savings - Decay : the gradual disappearance of a mental representation of a stimulus - Interference : the process of storage or retrieval information is impaired or blocked by the presence of new information - Recovered (repressed) memories o Sudden reemergence of memories that were dormant for many years o Source monitoring error- problems about making inferences with the memory o Role of source monitoring errors o Problems with this theory: People report memories for when they were very young Improving Memory Mnemonics Method of Loci - carrying what you have to learn with an image, and then taking that image and putting it in a certain location o Ex: video of man association things with cards from a deck to remember Distributed practice o Especially over long periods SQ3R - survey material, ask questions about it, read it again, recite the major points, and then review again 5.
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