Lecure 9

Lecure 9 - Personality Theories Psychology 101 David L....

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Personality Theories Psychology 101 David L. Penn, Ph.D.
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Personality Trait Definition Consistency Distinctiveness
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Psychodynamic theory: Overview Levels of consciousness Conscious, preconscious, and unconscious Techniques used to get to the unconscious Free association, interpretation of dreams
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Structure of Personality Id (governed by the “pleasure principle”) Ego (governed by the “reality principle”) Superego (governed by the “moral principle”)
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Fig. 11.2, p. 343
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Psychosexual stages Libidinal energy and erogenous zones Role of fixation Stages: Oral Anal Phallic Oedipal and Electra complex Latency Genital
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Table 11.1, p. 346
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Defense Mechanisms Regression Denial Repression Reaction Formation Projection Displacement Sublimation
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Table 11.1, p. 345
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Psychological Assessment of the Unconscious Rorschach inkblot test content, color, use of shading, location, etc. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Themes of the interpretations
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Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Ask to describe Code themes of the story Abandonment Death
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Neo-Freudians Alfred Adler Striving for superiority Inferiority complex Guiding fictions Role of birth order Carl Jung Personal unconsciousness Collective unconsciousness Archetypes
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Fig. 11.4, p. 347
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Advantages and Disadvantages of Psychodynamic theory Advantage
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Lecure 9 - Personality Theories Psychology 101 David L....

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